National Park (Taman Negara)
National Park (Taman Negara) was established at the Titiwangsa Mountains, Malaysia, in 1938/1939 as the King George V National Park. It was renamed to Taman Negara after independence, which literally means "national park" in Malay. Taman Negara has a total area of 4,343 km2 and has a reputation as the world's oldest tropical rainforest, estimated to be more than 130 million years old. Despite the reputation, the title of "oldest tropical rainforest" more accurately belongs to the Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia, estimated to be between 135 million years old  and 180 million years old.
Taman Negara encompasses three states, Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu, each with its own legislation. The Taman Negara Enactment (Pahang) No. 2 of 1939 is enforced in the state of Pahang, the Taman Negara Enactment (Kelantan) No. 14 of 1938 in the state of Kelantan and the Taman Negara Enactment (Terengganu) No. 6 of 1939 in the state of Terengganu. The enactments have similar contents.
Taman Negara Pahang is the largest at 2,477 km2, followed by Taman Negara Kelantan at 1,043 km2 and Taman Negara Terengganu at 853 km2.
The park has been developed into a famous ecotourism destination in Malaysia. There are several geological and biological attractions in the park. Gunung Tahan is the highest point of the Malay Peninsula; climbers can use Kuala Tahan or Merapoh as their departure point. Taman Negara is the home of some rare mammals, such as the Malayan tiger, crab-eating macaque, Malayan gaur (seladang) and Indian elephant. As well as birds such as the great argus, red junglefowl, and the rare Malayan peacock-pheasant are still found here in some numbers. Tahan River has been preserved to protect the Malaysian mahseer (ikan kelah in Malay), a type of game fish.
Others attractions found near Kuala Tahan (Park headquarters for Pahang) include a canopy walkway, Gua Telinga (cave system), Lata Berkoh (rapid). Visitors can enjoy the tropical rainforest, birdwatching or jungle trekking (e.g. Tenor Rentis) and the river views along the Tahan River.
As many as 250 species of wild birds have been identified so far in National Park (Taman Negara). Commonly seen are hornbills, fire-backed pheasants may be spotted alone the jungle trails, while fishing eagles and kingfishers usually flit alone the riverbanks. The Tahan river is a favourite habitat of the masked fin foot. Other exotic species found here include the broad-bill, drongo and blue-throated bee-eater.
Wildlife is usually found in the lowlands, They include the rare Malayan Gaur or Seladang. Sambar Deer, Baking Deer, Tapirs, Elephants, Tigers, Sun Bears, Leapards, Wild Boars and the Sumatran Rhinoceros. Howeverm the sightings of these mammal speciaes are quiet rare due to the density or vegetations and the shy nature of these animals.
Sights to behold
National Park (Taman Negara) holds a endless list of exhilarating sights and exciting activities for you. Let your adventure spirit take you on an unforgettable tour of nature.
A short walk of 1.5 KM, from the park's headquarters brings you to the Canopy Walkway, a suspension bridge of strong ropes, cables, net and wood, hanging 40 meters above the ground. The 400-meter walkway offers visitors a scenic walk amoung the tree to observe nature at close range.
Jungle trekking offers many opportunities for the visitors to experience first-hand the exotic beauty of nature at its best. There are many well - marked trails like the Tahan Trail, Teranggan Trail, Neram Trail and Bukit Teresek loop. Each trail promises different adventure, yet all are equally fascinating.
The more energetic should try to conquer Mount Tahan (Gunung Tahan) that stands at 2,187 meters above sea level. The 55 kilometers trail to the summit demands climbers to scale 27 hills and cross 7 rivers and it takes almost a week for a round trip.
All visitors to the park must get permits from the Department of Wildlife and National Parks.